Please Download and Submit:
In this lesson, we define anatomy terminology related to movement and location.
Learn terminology that describes anatomical movements and location.
Questions Answered Here
- What is flexion and extension?
- What is hyperextension?
- What is meant by lateral? Medial?
- Describe adduction and abduction.
- What is meant by internal and external rotation?
- What is the meaning of anterior and posterior?
- What is meant by distal and proximal?
- What is meant in anatomy by superior and inferior?
- For what purpose related to asana has Andrey Lappa described movement differently?
- What are the three planes of motion called? What type of movement happens in each?
Movements of the body are described in six ways:
Flexion / Extension
- Flexion — Decreases joint angle (Usually moves a body part forward except in the case of the knee which moves backward)
- Extension — Returns joint to resting position
- Hyperextension — Moving beyond normal, healthy range of motion
Adduction / Abduction
- Adduction — Moves a part of the body toward the midline
- Abduction — Moves a body part away from the midline
Internal Rotation / External Rotation
- Internal / Medial Rotation — Moves toward the midline
- External / Lateral Rotation — Moves away from the midline