Anatomy of the Knees: Function & Issues

Lesson Overview

In this lesson, we introduce potential issues and conditions of the knees.


Learn common types of knee issues and potential causal factors.


Explain the primary function of the knee and how the knee is unlike other hinge joints. Describe some symptoms associated with knee conditions and potential causes for knee pain. Describe visible signs that can indicate an imbalanced pull of muscles on the kneecap and hip issues that can be related to knee conditions. Describe other potential reasons for knee pain and provide the name for a condition caused when the cartilage of the knee degenerates and gradually wears away. Describe knee joint hyperextension and explain why it’s a concern and how you can address it. Explain how you can respond to knock knees and why bow legs are a concern.